A Brief History of Rugs and Carpets
Early forms of rugs.
Rugs were some of the earliest inventions of early man. There was widespread use of rugs in Persian, Oriental, and South western regions. The pioneer rugs were mostly produced from rough animal hides and were devoid of artistic or stylish touch evident in today’s floor coverings. It’s from these sketchy floorings that modern rugs evolved from.
King of Persia Spring carpet.
Spring Carpet of Chosroes owned by the Persian king existed around 550 BC. The hand-knotted carpet was made of fine wool, gold, silk, silver and an array of precious stones. It weighed in excess of one tone and measured 400 feet lengthwise and 100 feet width. The artistic carpet was however destroyed when the Persian kingdom was attacked by Arabs. Different parts of the rug still exist in different leading museums around the world.
5th Century Siberian rugs.
Another of the earliest forms of modern day rugs, rightly named Pazyryk Carpet, was discovered at a Pazyryk burial site in Siberia. The production and use of Pazyryk carpets dates back to the 5th century. The carpets were hand-knotted and featured a rich composition of colors and other artistic designs. In contrast to earlier forms of rugs, the Pazyryk carpets were made of fiber and had an outstanding work of Scythian art.
Egyptian inspired carpets.
Egypt was among the first civilizations to produce hand-woven carpets. They featured a uniquely elegant design that featured geometric designs over asymmetrical or Ghiordes knots which made them famous world over. Egyptian carpets were inspired by Persian and Anatolian designs which are considered to be the cradle of modern day carpets.
The rise of pile rug weaving in Europe.
While the Asian and the North African countries had already invented rugs by 900 AD, it’s not until 1000 AD that European nations took cue. But in contrast to the Asians use of rugs as cold protection clothing, Europeans from areas such as Spain, Venice, and Germany used rugs during special occasions such as wedding and community gathering. The design of the rugs, especially those from Spain, was heavily copied from Egyptian, Mesopotamia and Persia designs due to their close proximity. A vast majority of European nations were already producing their own rugs by 18th and 19th century. It’s actually said that many of the royalties and landlords had their rugs replaced on daily basis.
Modern day carpets.
Traditional carpet designs continue to inspire the modern day carpet designs around the world. While the influence of early man craftsmanship has waned largely over the years, the striking designs from the past continue to inspire today’s mass production of carpets. The main focus presently though is creating rugs that add aesthetic value in any home settings. As rug making industries continue to rise, you can expect to see even more inspiring carpets gracing homesteads in the neighborhood.
Rug weaving art has no doubt come from along way. Even then, early carpet designs will continue to inspire even greater carpet products in future. As you look forward to owning the next awe-inspiring carpet, you will find the history of rugs above amusing.